The term DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The DHCP can be considered as a management protocol which can dynamically assign IP Address to the device in a local network to communicate with the network. This protocol reduces the efforts of a network administrator to assign IP Address (Say 192.168.0.1) to each device in the network.
Through this protocol, the device of the user is automatically configured with the settings like Default Gateway, Subnet Mask etc. To know more about the DHCP model check the article below.
How the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Works?
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol automatically assigns the IP Address to the device. This type of IP Address will be called Dynamic IP Address. The IP Address allocation through this model will be carried out by the DHCP Server. In a local network, the router will behave like a DHCP Server. It will assign the device with the IP Address in the network. The working of the DHCP Model can be understood from the image given below.
Whenever a device will try to connect with the router it will send a DHCPDISCOVER Request to the router. Then the router will offer the IP Address to the device with DHCPOFFER request. Now the device of the user will respond to this command to acquire the IP Address. Here the device will act as the DHCP Client & the router will act as the DHCP Server.
Advantages of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol model
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol has various advantages. Some of the best features are as follows.
- It helps the device to configure various internet settings automatically.
- Reduces the chances for IP Address Conflict.
- It provides IP Address on lease thus the IP Address pool exhuastion chances are low.
- Provides security from hackers.
These are some of the details in relation to the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol model. If there is any doubt then the users can let us know via the comments section. We will clarify their doubts as soon as possible.